What Is the Best Way to Start Analysis and Discussion in Thesis?

analysis and discussion

Are you stuck with writing the most important chapters of your dissertation? Well, don’t stress out because this guide will help you write an analysis and discussion chapter professionally. Starting analysis and discussion is very challenging for many students. It is the most difficult yet most important part of your thesis. Nonetheless, many students still start their analysis without making a proper plan. This can lead to unclear and unorganized outcomes of their thesis. With the right guidance, you can save yourself from this problem. This article will give you the best way to start analysis and discussion in a thesis.

Go Back To Your Main Research Problem:

The first main step in writing an analysis and discussion chapter is to remind the readers about the research questions and aims. You can also mention your hypothesis briefly at the start of your discussion. Doing this can be a good reminder for you after reading so many things while doing research work. It is because researchers often forget the main point of research while doing it. It is also very likely that some readers may start discussing chapters without clearly explaining the research questions and aims. Thus, make sure that you clearly understand your research aims before starting the discussion. Get thesis help UK if you are unable to understand or work on the research problem.

Make A Summary Of Your Findings:

The next thing you want to do for your analysis and discussion is to summarise all the key findings of your results. This might be different for quantitative and qualitative research. In quantitative research, you need to discuss causal relationships and correlations. In contrast, you need to report relationships and themes in qualitative research. You need to mention all of your findings by answering your research question. Usually, this part only needs 1 or 2 sections, depending on the number of questions in your research.

In summary, you need to be as concise as you can. You can add details in the later sections, but also you need to hit the main research question directly in this section. You can use the following sentences:

  • The analysis shows that……
  • The data oppose or support the theory……
  • The data suggest that…..

These examples can help you directly hit your main research question, so make sure you use them correctly in your sentences.

Start Making An Interpretation Of Your Results:

After writing the summary of your results, now is the time to start interpreting your results in your analysis and discussion chapter. By making proper interpretations, you will be able to unpack your results. It is important to note that you should not include anything new here. It is also important to follow a simple structure that can easily help you show your interpretation. It is because, with a simple structure, the reader can easily understand your arguments. For instance, if you are doing qualitative research, you might structure your chapter according to your research question, or you can also make themes. In the end, you also need to assess which structure works best for you. For interpretation, you need to ask the following questions to come up with better interpretations:

  • How are your results related to your previous studies?
  • Why are you getting different results from the previous studies? What are the reasons?
  • How can your results contribute to the academic field in which you work?
  • What can be the other explanation for your results?

While interpreting your results, you should ensure that you will draw substantial conclusions. This means you must use evidence to back up every claim in your results.

Find The Limitations Of Your Research:

No research or study is perfect. Every research has some shortcomings. It is important to acknowledge those shortcomings. You can cover any part of the study with the help of these limitations. For instance, you can find that the sample size of your data is very small. Many students do not like to mention limitations in analysis and discussion. However, it is important to give limitations as it shows that your research is of high quality and you have the ability to find weaknesses in research. This means that mentioning the weaknesses of your research is actually a strength. You also need to mention the things that can improve the research.

Give Recommendation:

Next, you need to do an analysis and discussion to give suggestions for future research and implementation. The first thing you should discuss is how your findings could be used in the real world. In other words, you need to show the practical applications of your findings. For instance, if you are researching the education system, you can discuss how it can help improve it. It would help if you remained realistic while mentioning suggestions. The next point of discussion is to show how your research will be helpful for future research. You also need to mention how your research fits with the results of previous similar research. You can also recommend future results to remedy the shortcoming of your research.

Give Concluding Remarks:

You should give some concluding remarks at the end of your analysis and discussion. In this part, you will briefly summarise all your main findings. In simple words, you will answer your main research questions. Your conclusion must tell your readers about the important things you have found in your study. This can help them understand your work clearly. Make sure you connect this section with the previous section to maintain the flow of all the sections.


The above guide is the best way to write an analysis and discussion for a thesis. Before starting this thesis chapter, you must keep your research question in mind. Make sure you can write a concise summary of your findings and then interpret your results in an organized manner. It would be best if you did not forget to mention the limitations of your studies. It is also important to mention the practical implication of your key findings.

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